This research report, by BNP, seeks to assess the possibilities and limitations of using RWH for drinking water, biogas and irrigation and identity the possibilities and limitations of combining these different uses. Specifically, it seeks to:
- Assess the water use practices and water needs with respect to different purposes in rural households presently challenged with water scarcity to identify the need for rainwater harvesting for MUS
- Identify the effectiveness of combining roof water harvesting systems with surface runoff systems for MUS
- Analyse financial and economic aspects and impacts of MUS from rainwater harvesting systems
- Test the combination of Ferro-cement tanks with “1 bag cement” systems and plastic ponds
Global MUS innovation is most advanced in Nepal. In the middle hills, two robust MUS modalities have been conceptualized and implemented at certain scale. Two other potentials for scaling MUS were identified that need to be explored in further depth. Opportunities and barriers for each of these four entry points are identified and discussed. Scaling pathways to overcome these are also described in this report.
A presentation given by Luke Colavito and Raj Kumar (ISE Nepal) on IDE Nepal and MUS at the 2012 MUS-group meeting in Washington, DC.
This video by Practical Action shows what the impact has been of the implementation of a multi-use water systems to the access to water and the livelihood of a woman and her family in a rural and mountainous community in Nepal.
IDE has developed 160 multiple use water systems in Nepal. The different technologies have helped the people to generate extra income and sustain in their livelihoods. Throughout the MUS programme IDE has helped over 20,000 persons. In this video we see some examples of the different technologies that were designed and implemented by IDE in different districts in Nepal: a tank for domestic water that stores overflow water for micro irrigation, drip irrigation systems to regulate the water flow for high value crops, and smart sprinkler systems.
This video was made by Bimala Rai Colavito (a volunteer at IDE).
Powerpoint presentation given at the MUS group meeting in 2011 in Rome by Kabir Das Rajbhandri, WaterAid Nepal, on integrating MUS in WASH as a Domestic+: an initiation in the context of WaterAid in Nepal (WAN).
Powerpoint presentation given at the MUS group meeting in 2011 in Rome by C.G Raj, iDE Nepal on planning and implementation of MUS in the Nepal-iDE Experience.
This MSc internship report provides an evaluation of a MUS system, developed by IDE, in Phulbari village in the Nepali middle hills. Specifically it evaluates the performance of the technology and assesses the benefits for the farmers, using IDE‘s definition of impact. It shows that cost-recovery of the system is one year; in such a short time enough benefit can be generated through vegetable production to recover the investment costs. In addition, it reports on improved intra-household equity. One of the points of improvement is the strengthening of water user committees for MUS.
Indira Shakya's presentation dealt with technologies for rainwater harvesting for MUS in Nepal
This thesis by Pragya Shrestha aims to analyse MUS in terms of its cost effectiveness in domestic water supply services and conduct poverty impact analysis, taking a case study of Nepal. The study provides evidence of the very positive cost-effectiveness, as well as of other livelihood benefits, such as increase in saving and credit groups, getting access to luxury items, initiating other income generating activities and having better access to high-value food such as fresh vegetables. It concludes that MUS is not only a financially profitable investment, but is also beneficial in terms of social development. There is a high potential for the MUS in countries like Nepal, if its challenges are addressed.