Poor people in developing countries need water for many purposes: for drinking, bathing, irrigating vegetable gardens, and watering livestock. However, responsibility for water services is divided between different government agencies, the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and irrigation sub-sectors, with the result that people's holistic needs are not met. Multiple use water services (MUS) is a participatory water services approach that takes account of poor people's multiple water needs as a starting point of planning, and the approach has been implemented in at least 22 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Scaling up Multiple Use Water Services argues that by designing cost-effective multi-purpose infrastructure MUS can have a positive impact on people's health and livelihoods. It analyses and explains the success factors of MUS, using a framework of accountability for public service delivery, and it also examines why there has been resistance against scaling up MUS. A stronger service delivery approach can overcome this resistance, by rewarding more livelihood outcomes, by fostering discretionary decision-making power of local-level staff and by allowing horizontal coordination.This book should be read by government and aid agency policy makers in the WASH and agriculture sectors, by development field workers, and by academics, researchers and students of international development.
Presentation by Henk Holtslag on self-supply which he considers more cost-effective than communal water supply.
This study assesses the barriers and potentials for scaling MUS in Tanzania. It identifies pathways to overcome the water sector’s compartmentalization according to single water uses. Interviews with key stakeholders and literature review identified significant potentials for scaling MUS in Tanzania from five entry points. As MUS is about cross-sectoral dialogue and gradual change from many entry points that all contribute to an overall vision, it is proposed to implement these changes through a national MUS learning alliance of key stakeholders, including development partners.
A presentation given by Chris Seremet (Catholic Relief Services) on Catholic Relief Services and MUS at the 2012 MUS-group meeting in Washington, DC.
Powerpoint presentation given at the MUS group meeting in 2011 in Rome by Henk Holtslag, Connect International, on a SMART centre in Tanzania.