Draft generic guidelines on MUS
Powerpoint presentation given at the MUS group meeting in 2011 in Rome by Barbara van Koppen of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) on access to water.
Overall introduction to IFAD and its work on MUS
Powerpoint presentation given at the MUS group meeting in 2011 in Rome by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and its work on multiple use (water) services about poverty and poverty reduction.
Zimbabwe - guidelines for planning water for livelihoods
This guideline has been developed for MUS projects in Zimbabwe. It aims to help addressing water for livelihoods in a structured way in different steps of the project cycle. It is geared towards district level staff, who work on the provision of water supply to rural communities.It provides tools and methods which can be used as complement to existing guidelines for WASH project, to specifically include livelihoods. This guide consists of three parts:
Part 1: conceptual framework. This part aims to define key concepts in relation to water and livelidhoods
Part 2: addressing water and livelihoods in the project cycle.
Part 3: tools and methods. This part provides tools and methods that can be used in the planning process
Honduras: MUS and sustainability of rural water supply in 14 communities
This case study captures de facto MUS practices in 14 communities in Honduras. Specifically, it looks into the question of how such practices contribute to people's livelihoods and how they contribute to sustainability of the rural water supply services. It concludes that MUS is a common practice in nearly all households and in nearly all communities. The relative importance of MUS, however, depends on the livelihood strategy of a household. The study also shows how MUS can be regulated in such a way that it doesn't negatively affect system sustainability.
Mapping systems and service for multiple uses in Krishna Delta Western System Andra Pradesh - India : Massmus application with special focus on dome...
A study report published by and written on behalf of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Mapping systems and Services for Multiple Uses (MASSMUS) is a module for assessing non-crop water uses in an irrigation scheme within the general approach developed by FAO for auditing the irrigation system management called MASSCOTE (Mapping Systems and Services for Canal Operation Techniques). The need to develop specific approach to multiple uses of water in an irrigation system stemmed from an analysis of 30 irrigation schemes, which revealed that non-crop water use and multiple functions of irrigation schemes were more of a norm than the exception.
The Krishna Western Delta System is located in South India in the state of Andhra Pradesh –on the right bank of the downstream stretches of the Krishna river, along the sea coast (Bay of Bengale). The climate of the Krishna Western Delta is dominated by the southwest monsoon which provides most of the precipitation for the region. The mean annual rainfall amounts to 800 - 900 mm, and about 90% of the rainfall is received during the monsoon months of May to October. The climate can be classified as sub-humid, with minimum and maximum average temperatures ranging from 12.8 to 26.0 °C and 29.7 to 46.5 °C respectively. [authors abstract]
India: assessing domestic uses in a large-scale irrigation system
In December 2010, a technical exchange visit was organised between FAO and IRC. The objective of this visit was to further develop the "domestic water supply and sanitation" component of the MASSMUS methodology for assessing multiple uses of water in large-scale irrigation systems. This component was field-tested in the Krishna Western Delta irrigation system, in Andhra Pradesh, India. The attached report presents the main findings of that study.
Nepal: evaluation of a MUS system in the Nepali middle hills
This MSc internship report provides an evaluation of a MUS system, developed by IDE, in Phulbari village in the Nepali middle hills. Specifically it evaluates the performance of the technology and assesses the benefits for the farmers, using IDE‘s definition of impact. It shows that cost-recovery of the system is one year; in such a short time enough benefit can be generated through vegetable production to recover the investment costs. In addition, it reports on improved intra-household equity. One of the points of improvement is the strengthening of water user committees for MUS.
Thailand - Multiple sources of water for multiple purposes
This IWMI working paper reports on the experiences of the grassroots Farmer Wisdom movement in Northeast Thailand with innovation in farm pond construction on homesteads to store water for multiple purposes at homestead level. The report also contains the results of a modelling approach to determine the optimal size of these farm ponds.
Sharma - MUS in Northeastern Hills of India
Bharat Sharma (IWMI) presented experiences with MUS in the Northeastern Hills of India, drawing on earlier experiences in Nepal.
Shakya - rainwater harvesting for MUS
Indira Shakya's presentation dealt with technologies for rainwater harvesting for MUS in Nepal
Mejia - guidelines for MUS design in Honduras
Tupac Mejia's presentation dealt with guidelines for MUS design and their application in Honduras.
Makoni - guideline for water for livelihoods in Zimbabwe
Fungai Makoni (IWSD) presented guidelines for planning water for livelihoods in Zimbabwe.
Dominguez - water balance for MUS in Colombia
Isabel Dominguez presented work as a result of her MSc thesis, and a technical exchange between Cinara and WEDC, dealing with a water balance for MUS in Colombia, amongst other using both green and blue water balances.
Mastewal - rainwater management for chain of water uses
Mastewal Ademe presented options for rainwater management for a chain of water uses, based on experiences in Ethiopia.
Rao- application MASSMUS in India
Dr P.S. Rao provided an overview of the MASSMUS guideline application in a large-scale irrigation system in India.
Renault - MASSMUS guidelines
This presentation by Daniel Renault provides an overview of the MASSMUS guidelines, a methodology developed by the FAO to assess multiple-uses of water in large-scale irrigation systems.
Van Koppen - guidelines for community MUS
In this presentation, Barbara van Koppen (IWMI) highlighted guidelines for community scale MUS, as applied in Southern Africa.
Latin America: the role of Multiple uses of water (MUS) for the poor in rural areas of Latin America
This fact sheet, produced by Isabel Dominguez (WEDC/Cinara) provides a briefing on the role of multiple uses of water for the poor in rural areas of Latin America and the Carribean.
Nepal - cost effectiveness of MUS
This thesis by Pragya Shrestha aims to analyse MUS in terms of its cost effectiveness in domestic water supply services and conduct poverty impact analysis, taking a case study of Nepal. The study provides evidence of the very positive cost-effectiveness, as well as of other livelihood benefits, such as increase in saving and credit groups, getting access to luxury items, initiating other income generating activities and having better access to high-value food such as fresh vegetables. It concludes that MUS is not only a financially profitable investment, but is also beneficial in terms of social development. There is a high potential for the MUS in countries like Nepal, if its challenges are addressed.
Colombia: balancing consumption and availability in a MUS system
This thesis report studies the water balance in a MUS system in Colombia. It shows amongst others the importance of identifying different strata of users in the system, as these have different consumption patterns. Using the water balance concept, it shows the relative importance of water supply from the system and greenwater for different domestic and productive uses.
India: potential for poverty alleviation through MUS in the Northeastern Hills
The northeast region of India being highly rich in water resources potential, has not benefitted much from such a natural wealth. The region, endowed with an enormous water potential of about 34 percent of the country’s total water resources, represents only 7.9 percent of the total Indian landmass. The per capita and per hectare availability of water in India is highest in this region. However, the societal (both productive and consumptive) water use is less than 5 per cent of the existing potential. The unutilised and excessive water supplies during the rainy season create a mayhem of devastations almost every year with ravaging floods, land slides, soil erosion and other infrastructural failures and miseries and unrest in large parts. Extreme water scarcity during the post-rainy season seriously constrains the farmers’ access to a reliable water source and to a meaningful economic activity at the farm and extreme hardships for the household. This aptly presents a ‘water poverty’ scenario in an otherwise ‘water-abundant’ region. [authors abstract]
Nicaragua & Zimbabwe: linking multiply use services and self-supply principles
This paper explores the links between multiple use services and self supply approaches, exploring selected cases in Nicaragua and Zimbabwe. The first case illustrates the influence multiple uses have had on the wide uptake and sustainability of rope pumps in Nicaragua. The main reason cited for these is linked to the economic opportunities that have arisen from the development of irrigation and the availability of water for livestock. The second presents the case of family wells in Zimbabwe, where household owned wells are commonly used to serve multiple purposes. The paper finally explores opportunities and challenges of MUS through self supply, such as water quality issues, reaching the poorest and its scalability.
China: multiple-uses in large irrigation schemes audited in Shanxi province
This report presents on the main findings drawn from an FAO-organised workshop on the application of MASSMUS (mapping systems and services for multiple uses) in the Shanxi province (14-23 June 2010). With a focus on the Fenhe irrigation district, the report provides interesting insight into the application of MASSMUS and uncovers new facets in MUS by incorporating discussions in urban ecosystems and the watering of recreational parks. It validates the importance of MUS in contributing to district revenues, and highlights MUS as a practise integrated in the formal operational management of the irrigation's district. A second MASSMUS workshop is planned to take place in South China in September.
Wichelns - mus_note_100205
A preliminary view of the Multiple Use Services (MUS) perspective pertaining to water sector investments
Palanisami - MUS expert discussion
Expert not on quantification and valuation of multiple uses in tank irrigation systems, based on the Tamil Nadu case in South India